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Vietnam Villages

Vietnam Villages

Dai Bai village

Location: Bac Ninh, Vietnam

Dai Bai village is situated by Bai rivers bank in Gia Luong district, Bac Ninh province. Its pseudonym is Buoi village. Dai Bai is famous for long aged handicraft village. This point itself creates distinctiveness for this village.

Fist of all, Dai Bai is the well known village of forging brass.

According to nomination and majestic, genealogy of the village, the founder of this vocation is Nguyen Cong Truyen (989 - 1069).

Dai Bai village includes four hamlets: Tay, Giua, Ngoai and Son. Each hamlet specializes in producing a given goods. Specializing in making copper food tray is Tay hamlet, specializing in making cauldron is Ngoai hamlet, specializing in making water pot is Giua hamlet, specializing in making vessel is Son hamlet. There is no exist the state of vieing with each others in making, all regard themselves to be in a guild and look ahead their vocation inventor Nguyen Cong Truyen.

Due to need of trade, this well known vocational village formed spontaneously a commercial and exchange centre. It is Buoi market. Located near the village communal house by Bai Giang rivers bank Buoi market is the pride of Dai Bai village people.

Beside being a celebrated vocational village, Dai Bai is also a studious and examination one. The whole of village has fourteen laureates and Ph. Doctors, a number that not every village owns. Thus, Dai Bai was considered a "miraculous land and eminent person" of former Kinh Bac.

In addition to, Dai Bai village people also took part in many rebellious movements such as Mr Nguyen, Mr Chan and the general Nguyen Huu Can opposing Le King and Trinh Lord; Mr Nguyen Truc participated De Thams movement and was exiled to Con Dao and died there; Mr Nguyen Huu answered to Ham Nghi Kings Can Vuong imperial edict etc.

Dai Bai is also the village of several communal houses, pagodas and festivals. In comparison to many other villages in Dai Bai commune, Dai Bai village festival is considered to have most amusements, especially is the game "throwing fireworks" and "white cock running".

The vocation of forging bronze of Dai Bai village is implemented with methodical rules. They start cooking bronze after completing the collection of materials. When the reverter is red, they light of a package firecrackers to start the carrer. After cooking, the bronze melts, people make it thin and light one package of firecrackers more. They also go to the communal house to light incense sticks if that is right on the occasion of initiator death anniversary or in the two great seasons of the year spring and autumn. After a working year, they stop for new year on the 25th of the 12th lunar month till the 6th of the 2nd (1 lunar month of new year. The reason why the start of the career is late is because Dai Bai village people has another "Tet" (festival) on the 30th of the 1st lunar month called "The end festival". Dai Bai people has a rich system of terminologies of bronze forging vocation that not everyone can understand all except proficient persons. Besides, there e a lot of proverbs and folk literature for glorifying this traditional vocation.

It is possible to say that Dai Bai is a cultural village which has developed stubbornly and strongly

Le Mat village

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam

The name Le Mat, according to history, appeared before the time of Le Canh Hung (1740 -1786), but it was just acknowledged as a commune level administrative unit from the beginning of Nguyen dynasty, means that in the early of 20th century. After many times changing place name, boundary, in the late of 1997, Le Mat became one of three hamlets (Le Mat, Truong Lam, Kim Quan), now belongs to Viet Hung commune, Gia Lam district, on the outskirt of Ha Noi city.

Buoi village

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam

Being situated to North - East of Ha Noi capital, closing by West Lake there is a large land surrounding Buoi market. It is Buoi village. This is an ancient land where has been preserving a rich and monumental treasure of traditional culture which expresses deep imprint of many generations in the cause of building and protecting Thang Long capital.

Eighteen Betel garden hamlets

Location: Saigon, Vietnam

About in the middle of 19th century, eighteen betel garden hamlets gathered at Hoc Mon area (now in Ho Chi Minh city).

Previously this was just a wild land with dense and thorny land. Around it, there used to be some hamlets founded. The betel seemed to adapt to climate and soil here, so they were grown a lots. Thus forming the name "Betel garden". The most famous might be Ba Diem hamlet. Ba Diem betel, Ba Diem area were extremely interested in. When this land has become prosperous, residents have concentrated here more and more crowded to build villages and markets. According to legend, this village was founded by the labour of two talented ancestors Mr Cao Due Lan and Mr Pham Van Quynh. Their home was Tan Thoi Nhat village, so. when arriving this land, they named it Tan Thoi Nhi means eighteen betel garden hamlets or Hoc Mon.

This is a traditional land which has been famous for its peasant rebellions from the feudal time of Nguyen reign. People in this region always unite and help to each others. In order to self defend and oppose fierce animals, all boys here are equiped superior military. Eighteen betel garden hamlet could be considered as one of typical regoing for immigrants spirit coming here from the Middle and the North to break ground. This is the most heroic land of Sai Gon. The rebellion planed to occupy Hoc Mon, then, continued to occupy Sai Gon. If Sai Gon was released, all six provinces were also liberated. At the night of the 30th in the early morning of 1st of New Year holiday 1885, a thousand of righteous soldiers occupied Hoc Mon, killed the blood thirsty provincial chief Ca - a loyal lackey of French enemy who was detested by people. The leader of this rebellion was Phan Van Hon. After occuping Hoc Mon, the righteous army advanced towards Sai Gon. Arriving to Quan Tre, the troop was divided into two groups. One went straight towards Sai Gon. The other one got in touch with the city and lay in ambush outside to give strength when hearing command. When the first group came to Binh Hoa, they encountered the army of Franch and lost. The second one was dissolved by itself when knowing that. When military court judged this event, the enemy decided to sentence to death 14 persons in which including Pham Van Hon and Nguyen Van Qua. Two these persons were worshipped in their shrines built by people.

Beside the shrine worshipping Phan Van Hon and the temple of Nguyen Van Qua, in Hoc Mon, there is the communal house of Tan Thoi Nhi village which is quite magnificent in the architectural style of communal house in the Middle. Its roof was firstly paved with thatch. Later, it was restorated mightier. The communal house is for worshipping tutelary god with the nomination of the 5th Tu Due dynasties title. Every year, there are two times of sacrifice on 14th of 2nd and 14th of 12th lunar months. Dignitaries in the village take pigs and steamed glutinous rice to offer in the festival. Beside the communal house is the pagoda built by overseas Chinese. The pagoda is for worshipping Quan De divine being, not worship Buddha. This is as well a cultural vestige of eighteen betel garden hamlets.

Kim Lien village

Location: Nghe An, Vietnam

Kim Lien village is situated in Chung Cu commune, Nam Dan district, Nghe An province. Its pseudonym is Lotus village because there is no other place, lotus is as abundant as here. Lotus is also the pride of Kim Lien villagers.

Kim Lien lies near 49th chief town, about 10km far from Vinh city. According to call - way of former people, Kim Lien consisted of two small villages to be internal and external lotus villages. In Kim Lien, there is a temple where worships and external lotus villages. In Kim Lien, there is a temple where worships the chief god, means the general Nguyen Dac Dai - a general of Tran dynasty who was. of lab our in repressing Bo Man enemy. Kim Lien village communal house does not worship the tutelary spirit but is the place for gathering and discussing village issues and implementing the sacrifice to wandering souls. Nevertheless, every year, in all communal houses in Kim Lien, there still be sacrifices mainly for tutelary god and agricultural god.

Being situated in Nam Dan province, Kim Lien village has received a lot of nice tradition from this land. At early centuries of era, Nam Dan was the place Mai Hac De raised the flag to rebel against Duong dynast enemy and created Van An citadel, proposed to raise the independent flag. Since then, Nam Dan has been famous for its refractory will. This land was continuously taken care and used as a sphere or fighter base and development base during later centuries, Ly Nhat Quang of Ly dynasty expanded villages. Nien stronghold was constructed in Le dynasty. Many farmers rebellions took place under the time of Le - Mac - Trinh. These events had both direct and indirect influence on Nam Dan people. From generation to generation, Nam Dan has been also the literature and wrestling land. On the list of laureates, there are names of both father and son in a family. But, for persons that did not pass any examination but the talent and capacity go beyond laureates multiplied. Kim Lien village is the same.

Kim Lien - a village is related to VietNam modern revolution. This is a quite obvilious different point of Kim Lien in comparison to many other villages in Viet Nam. From the period of Frenchs invasion upon now, in Kim Lien village, taking place constantly honorable revolutionary events and achievements.

When Can Vuong movement raised in the late of 19th century. Ham Nghi King nominated Vuong Thuc Mau bachelor to be chief and set up Chung Son righteous army force to defeat French. After Can Vuong movement, Duy Tan movement continued to follow with names of village descendants such as Vuong Thuc Quy, Vuong Thuc Oanh, Vuong Thuc Xuan... especially is Nguyen Ai Quoc - Kim Lien used to be a hot place in Xo Viet Nghe Tinh movement together with Thanh Thuy, Thinh Lac, Xuan Ho... made French colonials have to decide to set up camp here in order to repress. Under the time of the popular front, several guilds were organized in Kim Lien in order to mobilize to reform villages and support workers in factories, enterprises. Also in this time (1930 - 1945), Kim Lien began to be proud of being the great persons home - Nguyen Ai Quoc - an excellent international fighter working for the world communist movement.

Kim Lien has a special literature and art pattern. That is folk stage activity. "Tuong" (a kind of classical opera) of Kim Lien is celebrated in both district and province. The strange point is, in spite of

talking about old stories which happened at the beginning of era, all characters in "Tuong" are familiar with current state in 1930 - 1931, so it is useful to propagandize and campaign revolution deeply.

Kim Lien is a study land. Study tradition of this land has been existing for ages. There are a lot of persons who are so good at studying that being famous although the number of high academic title persons is not plentiful (only Uncle Hos father got second roster).

According to the book "Nam Dan - Ho Chi Minh presidents home" of social Science Publisher, 1989, "... From the 1st Duong Hoa dynastic title (1635) under the rule of King Le Than Tong to ending Chinese examination, Chung Cu commune has 193 persons passing with academic titles such as student, bachelor, second roster". Among them, several names are not only of local dimension but also is the pride of the whole of Viet Nam country.

Just being of fortune and honour to be the country where bore Ho Chi Minh president alone, Kim Lien village is worth being considered as a cultural village. It is traditional culture with achievements about study, examination, history, literature and art, and about its contribution for revolutionary cause of the whole country. At present, in Kim Lien, there are a lot of cultural relics attracting more and more visitors.

Duong Lam (Duonglam) Ancient Village

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam

Duong Lam Ancient Village has a history of about 1,200 years with many houses dating back up to 400 years. It is the only place in Vietnam where two kings came from.

Phung Hung (761-802) and Ngo Quyen (808-944), who were born and grew up in the village, led the resistance to and had victories over Chinas Sung and Southern Han troops to recover national independence. They both became kings. After they died, temples were erected to worship them.

Because Duong Lam Ancient Village is of cultural and historical importance it attracts many tourists. The village is in Duong Lam Commune, about 60km from Hanoi. It consists of more than six hamlets. Among these hamlets, Mong Phu is the biggest and the most famous.

The village is a place to see for tourists from far and wide. It is included in tours of many travel companies. Two of its famous places are Sung Nghiem Tu (Mia Pagoda) and Mong Phu Temple. Mia Pagoda is on a small hill in Dong Sang Hamlet. It was constructed before 1632 and has been upgraded and restored many times. Now it is a national cultural and historical site. Mong Phu Temple is in Mong Phu Hamlet. It was set up with ancient Vietnamese architecture in 1638. In the village, tourists can also see ancient houses and small lanes as well as study the everyday life of residents.

One special thing about the village is that most of the buildings here are made of laterite and mud, two materials that are abundant in the area. Laterite is used on house walls, gates, wells, temple walls, and so forth. The mud is taken from ponds.

Apart from its historical and tourism values, Duong Lam Ancient Village is an important place for scientists to study resident communities in ancient agriculture. Recent studies by a number of scholars show that Mong Phu Hamlet is Asias only representative of water paddy that remains.

Cua Van Fishing Village

Location: Halong, Vietnam

Van Gia – Cua Van is situated at Hung Thang Commune, Halong City, 20km away from the tourist boat wharf, the fishing village lies in a calm bay surrounded by mountain. Cua Van Village has a population of 733 in 176 households. They mainly earn their livelihood by fishing.

There are 4 fishing villages in the World Heritage site: Ba Hang, Cua Van, Vong Vieng and Cap La with a total of 287 households and 1,283 people of which Cua Van is the largest. This is a habitat that has maintained both a tangible and intangible marine culture.

Visiting the village, tourists have a chance to experience the villagers’ daily life as well as the traditional culture and customs of the fishermen, who live in the World Heritage Area of Halong Bay.

This makes it ideal for anchoring boats here. Their floating houses look spacious and clean. The well-off families even have tiled roof houses with radios, television sets, tables and chairs, etc.

The village boasts a training establishment for their children. Over an area of 150m2 lies four classrooms and one small room for teachers. They are the first floating classrooms in Hạ Long. At present, Cua Van has 7 classes, mainly in grade 1 and grade 2. The youngest pupil is 8, while the oldest one is 17.

It is interesting to see the rambunctious children going to “school”. Their bustling calling and their flopping rowing liven up the atmosphere of the quite bay. Looking at the small boats driven by tiny oars going to school, and the radiant faces of the children, one feels confident in a bright future for the fishing village.

Cua Van now has become a tourist attraction and has been present in the itinerary of almost all tourist agencies.

In the future, a Floating Cultural Center will be established in Cua Van fishing village, which will become an important interface between the Halong people and tourists.

Dong Tam Snake Farm

Location: Tien Giang, Vietnam

The snake farm at Dong Tarn, located about 10km from My Tho in the direction of Vinh Long, breeds snakes for eating, for their skins and for producing antivenin. Most of the snakes raised here are pythons and cobras. The king cobras are raised only for exhibit -they are extremely aggressive and are even capable of spitting poison; don get too close to their cages.

The regular cobras are kept in an open pit and they will generally ignore you if you ignore them, but will strike if they are provoked. On the other hand though, the pythons are docile enough to be taken out of their cages and handled, but be warned that the larger ones are capable of strangling a human.

Warning: Besides its snakes, the Dong Tarn Snake Farm has wild creatures on display - including monkeys, bears and owls - that are kept in deplorably poor condition.

The farm was formerly run by a retired Viet Cong (VC) colonel named Tu Duoc, who ran the place very efficiently. Unfortunately, after his death in 1990, facilities have gone steadily downhill.

The snake farm is really only to be recommended to those truly charmed by snakes.

Dong Tam also has a collection of mutant turtles and fish on display. The cause of their genetic deformities is almost certainly the spraying of Agent Orange during the American War, which was particularly intensive in the forested parts of the Mekong Delta.

The snake farm is operated by the Vietnamese military for profit and is open to the public. The restaurant here includes cobra on the menu and theres a shop where you can stock up on cobra antivenin.

Youll need your own transport to get to Dong Tam Snake Farm. Coming from HCMC, continue for 3km beyond the turn-off to My Tho and turn left at the Dong Tam lunction (signposted). From the junction, follow the dirt road for 4km, turn right and continue for lion until you reach the snake farm. To get there from My Tho, follow Le Thi Hong Gam street west along the river for around 7km and just beyond the Binh Duc post office turn right and follow the dirt road for 3km to the farm.

Kenh Ga Floating Village

Location: Ninh Binh, Vietnam

Set on the banks of the Hoang Long River, Kenh Ga is a remarkable place, not only because it is surrounded by the same massive rocks that dominate Hoa Lu, but also because for most of the year the entire community lives on the water itself. The floating village of Kenh Ga receives relatively few visitors compared to nearby Hoa Lu and the peoples aquatic way of life has changed little over the centuries.

The principal reason for its lack of visitors is that the village is accessible only by boat. Gliding along the river and canals, weaving ones way through the boathouses and fishing vessels of Kenh Ga is a unique experience for there is no other place in Vietnam that combines the stunning backdrop of the limestone cliffs with an authentic floating village.

The village of Kenh Ga (Chicken Canal) gets its name apparently from the number of wild chickens that used to live in the area. Its essentially a floating village on the Hoang Long River, with just a few permanent buildings on the riverbanks. About the only other place in Vietnam where you can see anything like this is in the Mekong Delta. On the other hand, nowhere in the Mekong Delta will you find a stunning mountain backdrop like the one at Kenh Ga. Another difference: people in Kenh Ga row boats with their feet, leaning back and watching the world go by.

Its a lovely area, and one of the best places in northern Vietnam to see river life. People here seem to spend most of their lives floating on water: at their floating fish-breeding pens, harvesting river grass to feed the fish, trawling in the muddy shallows for shellfish or selling veggies boat-to-boat. Even the children commute to school by boat.

From the pier you can hire a motorboat to take you for an hour or so touring around the village for 40,000d per person. The boat trips are organized through the local government tourism agency and, thankfully, theyve managed to keep the operation relatively low-key and hassle-free. How much longer can it last?

The locals are very friendly. The children gleefully shout "tay oi" (Westerner) at every tourist they see, even Vietnamese tourists!

Dong Ho Painting Village

Location: Bac Ninh, Vietnam

Lying close to the Duong River, about 40 km East of Hanoi, is Dong Ho village. Formerly known as Dong Mai (or simply Mai) village, Ho canton, Sieu Loai district, Kinh Bac county (now SongHo village, Thuan Thanh district, Ha Bac province) , Dong Ho has a long-standing art tradition.

Of the ancient river-side village , there remain only stone stelae lying where once stood the village pagoda. Erected under the Mac dynasty (16th century) , they give us an approximate age of Dong Ho. One of the stelae, the "Do Ho Tu Bi" dated 1680 , has on its upper part a full-moon shape engraving depicting two mice - folk art characters - pounding rice. This to a certain extent, confirms the existence of folk painting in Dong Ho and its links with the village pagoda in the past.

Dong Ho Village is famous for its folk paintings drawn by craftsmen of Dong Ho village in Bac Ninh province. They are drawn on do paper with natural colours taken from half-baked bricks, tree leaves, powder of grinded burned tree – roots and back- ground made from a mixture of lime ( taken from burned arca shells)and resin. The traditional paintings reflect aspiration of people for peace, prosperity and happiness. In the old day, whenever Lunar New Year came, a painting market took place at Dong Ho’s communual house and visitors from many regions came here to revel in art works.

Nowadays, woodprint making in Dong Ho is not as bustling as it was centuries ago. But, local families still preserve hundreds of ancient printing woodblocks as a precious heritage with which year after year they keep printing new copies on orders placed by customers.

The Dong Ho Paintings are printed by hand, each colour having its own printing block. (As an exception, there could be seen some Dong Ho hand-coloured Paintings). The printing paper is made of "zo", a papyrus-like plant, bark fibre, and coated with a thin layer of "diep" (oyster shell dust) , that gives the paper a typical, much appraised, feeble-glittering texture.

The printing inks come from domestically available materials of vegetal or mineral origin : soft black from dried and charred bamboo leaves, red from cinnabar dust, and silvery white from finely ground oyster shells.

The Dong Ho Paintings appear only on the occasion of the Lunar New Year Festival. Therefore, both their form (lines, colours) and contents suit Spring time and bring out mans aspiration for a life of plenty and happiness. They represent an original genre of folk pictorial art, with a distinct national identity and a centuries old tradition.

Tuan Giao - a small town

Location: Son La, Vietnam

This remote town is at the junction of Hwy 42 to Dien Bien Phu (three hours, 80km) and Hwy 6 to Lai Chau (four hours, 98km).

Not many people spend the night unless they are running behind schedule and cany make it to Dien Bien Phu, though if you are taking your time through the north-west it is a logical place to bed down for the night.

Tuan Giao is a small town between Son La and Lai Chau which is unremarkable, however, the surrounding area is very rural and populated by many hill tribes, amongst them the most noticeable are the Dzao that wear headdresses adorned with bright orange garnments.

From Son La, your road will pass over Thuan Chau and starts climbing to cross Pha Din Pass at 1,300m before reaching Tuan Giao, which breaks the distance of 180km from Son La to Dien Dien. If your destination is Lai Chau, you can skip the turn to the west heading to Dien Bien and carry straight. White Thai villages lie along the route between Tuan Giao and Lai Chau, with pretty women wearing white blouses with silver jewelry.

Ta Van village

Location: Sapa, Vietnam

It was a great opportunity to get to meet some of the locals in Ta Van village.

It was great - squat toilet, kids riding water buffalos up the street, ducks and chickens wandering around, local women in their traditional dress, streams, great views and satellite television!?

At Ta Van village, surrounded by the apple green of a bamboo forest, the huts are made of wood. Some are two-storey, with smart concrete patios and television antennae. Ta Van is home to Zay people, who dress in Chinese-style shirts and bright headscarves. They are more affluent than their neighbours. Most Tay go to secondary school; many go to university, move to the cities and send money home.

Zay people is a fairly small minority group of about 38,000 people who live mainly in the mountains in Northwest Vietnam. The development has meant that some of their old customs have been lost but many women still wear traditional shirts with a purple, blue or green colour. The Zay houses are built in wood and bamboo with a clay floor.

Ban Ho Village

Location: Sapa, Vietnam

This vilalge is populated by the Tay minority. They were very welcoming and friendly towards people.

Ban Ho Village, home to the Tay minorities and perhaps the most picturesque of the whole Challenge.

Situated alongside a turquoise fast flowing stream, it will be possible to take a little rest from a trek on one of the large boulders at the streams edge. You can also take a little time to explore this village before pushing on over the suspension bridge and trekking through ride fields to the Red Dao village of Nam Toong.

Son La Town

Location: Son La, Vietnam

The Son La town is 380 km northeast of Hanoi. It is the social and cultural center of the province of Son La.

The town is a highland town which is about 600 meters above sea level. Infrastructure here is relatively good and the air is very fresh and cool, which is very suitable for relaxing tourism.

In the middle of the town locates the Son La prison where detained communist soldiers built by the French in 1908 on the Khau Ca hill’s top on which has the grave of To Hieu and his peach-tree. Mai Son district has Tien Phong lake and Ta Hoc port locating at the bank of Da river. Reaching Ta Hoc port, you will begin a river tour on a boat rowing down and up the river and enjoy delicious fish dishes of native fishermen. Coming to Son La town, you will also have opportunities to visit the Tham Ke Cave and Tham Ta Toong Caves in the Thuong Thien Cavern in Chieng Ngan commune, or you can visit the Youth Moon Lake (Nguyet Ho Tuoi Tre) in Chieng An commune.

Besides, you can visit historic cultural relics like the Son La prison, the Temple of King Le Thanh Tong, traditionally vocational villages and farms, or take part in cultural festivals.

The hot stream of Mong Village which is 2 km far from the center of Son La town attracts a great number of tourists. According to the study of the Ministry of Healthcare, the hot water at the temperature of 37-380C of the stream can ease such diseases as stomach, rheumatism, etc.

Cai Mon Orchard

Location: Ben Tre, Vietnam

It is considered the cradle of fruit trees in South Vietnam, with fruit ready for visitors in any season.

Cai Mon’s professional village annually supplies products such as durians, mangos teens, mangoes and longans.

There are also artists who use grafting techniques to create fantastic ornamental plants is the shapes of deer, dragons or phoenixes.

Minh Tarn Flower Garden

Location: Dalat, Vietnam

From the town center, follow the road people once used to get to Prenn from Da Lat for three kilometers. Youll see it before you reach Thien Virong Co Sat Chinese Pagoda.

This garden used to be a private villa. It was later transformed into a flower garden. Though small, the

design is well planned, giving it a unique appearance. The most predominant flowers in the garden are mimosas, roses, and lilies.

Minh Tam, where visitors can admire the beauty of its mimosas - the symbolic flower of Da Lat. Unlike roses, mimosas have a simple, understated beauty.

To the right of the garden are stilt houses where newlyweds can enjoy their honeymoon.

Cantho Tourist Gardens

Location: Cantho, Vietnam

Located on every land and water route in Cantho City (Mekong Delta).

The gardens are a rich collection of fruit trees, flowers and diverse species of birds, fishes...

In recent years, a series of modern tourism gardens have appeared on every land and water route in Cantho City. The gardens of My Khanh, San Duong, Ba Lang and Tan Binh extend along the arched highway, as well as on the waterways of Hong Dien and Phung Hiep Rivers. Other gardens in Long My, Vi Thanh, O Mon and Thot Not are also developing.

The My Khanh Gardens occupy 2.2ha and feature more than 20 species of fruit trees and flowers, as well as diverse species of birds, fishes, tortoises, snakes, crabs and shrimps. Under the shade of lush green trees, there are small “rong” houses to provide visitors with a place to rest for the night.

Ba Lang is located 9km from Cantho (on Highway No. 1A towards Soc Trang), and has an area of 4.2ha. There is the animal sanctuary of Ao Sen Lake, two lakes for swimming, an outdoor stage and mini-hotels. Gardens here combine agricultural potential with tourism.

An Hien Garden House

Location: Hue, Vietnam

An Hien Garden House is located in Xuan Hoa Village, Huong Long Commune, Hue City on an area of 4,608m².

This was originally the residence of the 18th daughter of Duc Duc Emperor. After 1895, it was transferred to Mr. Pham Dang Thap, a son of a high-ranking mandarin under Gia Long reign. In 1920, this house was transferred to Mr. Tung Le. The last owner of this house was Mr. Nguyen Dinh Chi, a province chief. He moved into the residence in 1938. When he died, his wife, Mrs. Dao Thi Yen continued to live in this house. She was the person who led the school boycott of Dong Khanh students against the French colonialism in 1927. She then became the Principal of Dong Khanh High School, member of the sixth and seventh National Assembly, and a commissioner of Vietnam Fatherland Front Committee. Accordingly, An Hien Garden House is closely connected with the name, age, life and cause of an active nationalist who had a great contribution to Hue City.

The gate of the house has an ancient arch design. The gate roof is decorated with a tiger-face figure and stylized designs on both sides. In the middle of the gate, from the outside, under the roof is a book-shaped panel embossed in the wall. A brick board of two Chinese characters meaning An Hien is inlaid with pieces of green and white terracotta in the black background. Above the panel, there are symmetrically two bats spreading their wings and looking down the gate. Right under the book-shaped panel is a colorfully and elegantly tiger-faced figure in a semicircular shape.

An Hien Garden has been described as a fine, sharp, and unique work by many writers. In the garden, many kinds of flowers grow. There are popular kinds of flowers such as jasmine, pergularia, pomegranate, sunflower, climbing rose and indigenous roses.

Aristocratic flowers consist of all kinds of orchids and land orchids. Besides the modern roses imported from the European GauJard and Meilland companies, you can find wild tomentose roses. Particularly, the garden has a big camellia presented by a Japanese Flower Association. In addition to the flower abundance, the garden also has many precious fruit-trees yielding year-around sweet fruits, namely mangosteen, durian, Thieu litchi, especially Tien Dien persimmon which are brought from Nghi Xuan district, Ha Tinh Province by a great-grandchild of the great poet Nguyen Du as a present for Mr. And Mrs. Nguyen Dinh Chi. This is a precious and rare kind of persimmon; it bears very delicious seedless fruits every July.

An Hien Garden House is a special cultural characteristic contributing to the beauty of Hue. Entering the garden, you will have a feeling of living in a miniature universe, in a peaceful and charming world. It has an attraction which is always secret as an unfinished book.

Ba Dau communal house

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam

Ba Dan communal house worships three persons Nguyen Phuc Nguyen Bo. Among these, Nguyen Bac was a talented general - who used to be one of the four highest ranking mandarins under. Dinh Bo Linh court and he was also nominated for the position of the founder of a state - the first prime minister dignity of our country in 971.

The communal house was built on a high land belonging to the territory of three villages: Co Dien, Co Ngo, Dong Phu in Thanh Tri - Ha Noi.

The communal house was designed following the style of "Chong diem tam mai" (two roofs overlapping each other making four couples of roofs corners) with dragon shapes on the top towards the ridge of the roof. At the very center of the roof, there is a sun shape. The pillars of three - entrance gates are quite big with Chinese parallel sentences carved on their body . There are two young lions huddling together on the peak of the pillar "Phuong dinh" (a place with four pillars and a roof without wall used for preparing offering gifts) constructed perpendicularly to four long rafters from the main column to the corner of the roof supporting the roofs above and under. All of them was sculp tured with dragon shape according to the scenery of Nguyen dynasty. The middle chamber includes five rooms with many images of dragons, flowers on curtains... and a set of carpentry with model of "chuong giuong gia chung xa nach" (a pattern of architecture) with is usually used in designing temple and pagoda in Viet Nam. The large chamber has also five rooms and one feign door in front. Its roof was covered with internal tiles serveral engravings following themes such as dragon, phoenix, unicorn and tortoise appearing on carpentries and walls combining two ends of the chamber (cuon nach). Inside the temple, there are three rooms. Carpentries here were designed simply with the place for worshipping covered with flooring planks with ancestral tablets and statues of tutelary spirits.

In 1994, Ba Dan communal house was ranked art - architectural relic by the state.

Bat Trang communal house

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam

Bat Trang communal house was built under Le Du Tong Kings period, from 1719 to 1720. Now, the communal house is placed in Bat Trang village, Gia Lam - Ha Noi.

The communal houses architecture is "=" word style with a large area. Its gate is towards Red River.

The communal house is of many Buddhist statues. Here, people worship 6 deities as below:

- Lu Thien Tu

- Bach Ma

- Bo Quoc Dai Vuong

- Phan Dai Tuong -Cai Minh Chinh Tu

- La Thanh Mau.

Especially, Bat Trang communal house is famous for its beautiful and distinguished Cuu Long statue.

Diem communal house

Location: Bac Ninh, Vietnam

Diem communal house has the pseudonym to be Vien Xa, located in Diem village - a Quan Ho land of Bac Ninh province. Diem communal house was built in 1692 with a small area. Its beauty has been attracting several visitors so far.

Diem communal house has 3 parts: the large chamber, ong muong and the inside flat. The large chamber has 5 rooms (7 rooms in former time), erected on a high foundation and bunched by green stone. The main pillar carrying the roof on its head was made from 4 high columns with 2 metres circumference eash one. 4 "dau tu" carrying 2 ends of the middle room were sculptured dragons and clouds while other parts of houses frame have "xoi gio chay chi". In the middle room, there is a green stone well. The most impressive point is the big gate with full of decorated flower - patterned extreme lively and a pair of timbered statuettes. These statuettes can be regarded as the most special and attractive ones of Diem communal house. They wear dresses without shirts, swelling stomach - flat chest, their faces with 2 high cheekbones, big noses, large mouths, thin lips humorously. Next them, there is a flower - pot made of porcelain decorated with tiger head, four - supernatural animals, flowers... with big size and heated Ripley for containing offering water.

Here, local persons still hold many precious objects such as the young lion - shaped box of joss -stick made of porcelain and decorated with images of tiger head, tortoise spraying water, dragon and phoenix kneel in front of the sun...

Duong No communal house

Location: Hue, Vietnam

Communal house was built for the cult of tutelary spirits (belonging to Phu Duong commune, Phu Vang district, Thua Thien Hue province) who are 7 talent persons of 7 lines of village traiblazing this land with some great mandarins born here.

Communal house is situated on a 420 metres square - wide land with its face towards Pho Loi river. Initially, it was founded simply with bamboo, thatch... In 1808, it was rebuilt relying on money of Nguyen Duc Xuyen Duke with iron wood and Yin -Yang tiles. The peak (two dragons kneeling) bas -relief in the middle. Concurrently, the communal house was expanded more with 5 spaces, 2 wings and 2 inside rooms of the temple. But from 1943 till now, there have been just 3 spaces and 2 wings because of destruction.

From outside entering, the first view we see is 2 pillars of its gate and ground, next is the largest space of the communal house with 209.30 metres square area, 18.2 metres long, 11.5 metres wide and 265 metres high. The behind face has surrouding wall while the front one has just walls at 2 wings. On these wall are embellished flower - patterned designs. On the top corners are 4 bats symbolizing "Phuc" word. At the center is "Tho" word modelled in colourful parcerlain. At the lower positions are image of "long ma phu ha do" (the picture of dragon and horse by ariver).

3 middle spaces of the communal house have not any door but sowing trestle laid in the middle. The main sanctuary consists of 4 carpentrees and 8 main columns, 8 medium - sized pillars and 8 subordinate pillars at 2 wings. The chief worshipping are is of 6 doors put inside frames. On the doorways are ornamented with "luong long trieu nhat" (two dragons kneeling) figures and tigerhead carved. The left and the right - sided rooms are empty.

The middle chamber contains a 3 - story -altar. On the 1st story is of 2 high - woody flamingoes. Between two ones is "Tarn Son" altar used for containing water. On the 2nd floor is a joss - stick pot. The 3rd story has a box of 19 Nguyen dynastic nominations.

In additional, Duong No village has also a bamboo house, 100 metres from the communal house, where Ho Chi Minh president used to reside and study when he was 10 years old.

The Duong No communal houses annual spring festival begins on the 8th of the 1st lunar month and autumn festival on 2 best days at the beginning of the 7th lunnar month.

Duc Nghia communal house

Location: Binh Thuan, Vietnam

Duc Nghia communal house was founded in 1846 (the 6th Thieu Tri year) in Duc Nghia quarter, Phan Thiet Town, Binh Thuan province.

The first construction was held by Mr. Nguyen Van Bang with simple model, mainly was bamboo, thatch.... In 1864, (the 17th Tu Duc year - Giap Ty), Mr Tran Van Kim organized to rebuilt including preaching house, ancestral house tieu hien house Deity -worshipping house, vo ca house.

- Tieu hien house is 10 metres long, 8 meters wide, includes 1 room and 2 lean - tos, 12 pillars divided into 3 rows with 4 big pillars with 30cm -diameter of each. Inside, there are 3 altars sculptured sophistic ate dly by images of dragons, phoenixs, flowers... Here is the place for the cult of people contributing to build the temple: Nguyen Van Bang, Tran Van Kim, Le Van Hanh. Nguyen Van Thanh.

- Deity worshipping house is 20cm far from Tieu Hien house the right. The house has towered shape with a square. The house with each edge to be 10 metres. The house comprices 1 room and 2 wings with 6 roofs covered by Yin - Yang tiles. On the roofs top is a pair of dragons waiting upon, 1 meter tall. At 4 corners have also 4 cement dragons. On the top, there are 16 columns divided into 4 rows. All big columns have balustrade surrounding with many magnificent ornamentation of flowers, birds, dragons... Inside, there are 3 altars and 3 shrines for ancestral tablets with red lacquer trimmed with gold.

- Vo Ca house is in front of the worshipping house comprising 1 room and 2 lean tos with 15 metres long, 10 meters wide. Its four roofs are tiled by Yin - Yang tiles. The house has 4 rows of pillars. The main one has 30 centimeter diameter and 5 metres tall.

The temple worships tutelary God with 2 terms of sacrifices each year. The first takes place in spring from 14th to 16th of the 1st lunar month. The second takes place in Fall from 14th to the 16th of the 8th lunar month Bisides, there is the dead aniversary of Tieu Hien on the 15th of the 5th lunar month.

Hang Kenh Communal House

Location: Hai Phong, Vietnam

Hang Kenh Communal House is situated in Du Hang Kenh Ward, Le Chan District, Haiphong City. It is famous for its valuable wooden sculptures.

Hang Kenh Communal House, also referred to as Nhan Tho Communal House in Sino-Vietnamese. Built in 1717, Hang Kenh Communal House was later expanded in 1905. The main front hall, also called “dai dinh”, connects to the back part through a tiled roof bridge.

There are lots of valuable items in the communal house, of which there are 156 pieces with a dragon as the main theme. Altogether, there are 308 dragons of different shapes and sizes. The pagoda also houses a statue of Ngo Quyen and a palanquin.

Every year from the 16th to 18th of the second lunar month, ritual ceremonies, festivals, traditional games and performances of “cheo”, “tuong” and other folk songs are held at the communal house, attracting large crowds.

Luu Khe Communal House

Location: Quang Ninh, Vietnam

Luu Khe Communal House is situated in the Luu Khe Village, Lien Hoa Commune, Yen Hung District.

It was built in the third year of Emperor Minh Mang’s reign, 1822, to honour the two founding fathers of the village (Do Do and Dao Ba Le). Their services united people at the mouth of the Bach Dang River to make dykes that would form the village of Luong Qui in 1434. This village is today comprised of the hamlets of Quynh Bieu and Luu Khe.

It is built in the shape of the letter J. The communal house of Luu Khe bears the specific style of the popular engravings of village communal houses at the end of the 17th century, with images of dragons, shrimp, fish, lotus, unicorns, tortoises, phoenixes, flowers and clouds.

Festivities in the communal house take place on the 7th day of the first lunar month. They include a celebration of the longevity of the elderly people in the village and the staging of a procession to the communal house.

Yen Giang Communal House

Location: Quang Ninh, Vietnam

Yen Giang Communal House is situated on a high earthen mound in the center of Yen Giang Commune, Yen Hung District.

It was built in the 16th century to honour national hero Tran Hung Dao. It was rebuilt in 1993.

It is built in the shape of the letter J. Its Front Ceremonial Hall has five compartments. Its Back Ceremonial Hall has three compartments. Its Back Sanctuary includes one compartment.

The building still preserves a delicate china incense burner from the Le Dynasty, two stone engravings with designs of dragons from the Nguyen Dynasty, parallel sentence boards and six decrees from Nguyen Emperors conferring to Tran Hung Dao the title of tutelary genie of the village; Five Kings chairs, a pair of eight pole palanquin; a royal court was carved with dragon and red lacquer trimmed with gold flowers and leaves which marked from Nguyễn Dynasty.

The festivities at the communal house take place on the eighth day of the third lunar month each year.

Phong Coc Communal House

Location: Quang Ninh, Vietnam

Phong Coc Communal House is situated in the centre of Phong Coc Commune, on the island of Ha Nam, Yen Hung District; 5 km from Chanh Ferry Station. It was built at the end of the 17th century to honour the village’s tutelary genie and four Lady Saints.

Phong Coc Communal House is built in the shape of the letter J ("dinh"). Its Front Ceremonial Hall has seven compartments and two lean-tos; meanwhile its Back Ceremonial Hall comprises five compartments and two lean-tos. Its Back Sanctuary also includes two compartments. The Communal House is 35 m long and 15 m wide. Its main pillars measure over 1 meter in perimeter. Eight lines of main pillars and two lines of supportive ones hold a 600-square meter ancient tiled roof. The barge-board curves in tune with the scimitar edges, shaping the elegant structure of the Communal House. On the two main ironwood doors are carved with dragons and phoenixes flying in cloud. The exquisite carvings, especially those depicting the activities in daily life in the roof beams reveal that this construction is a treasure of Vietnamese architecture.

The building is not only an attractive stop for thousands of domestic and foreign tourists, but it has also aided researchers in achieving a deeper insight of the architecture and culture of ancient Vietnamese villages.

 

When To Travel To Vietnam

Good time to Travel in Vietnam is from September to June. However, Vietnam has three different regions – the North, the Central and the South – each with different weather patterns and different rainy seasons. This means that there is neither a best time nor a worst time to visit Vietnam. Hot summer or Cold winter is not that a big deal. Nice beaches such as Halong bay, Hoi An, Nha Trang, Mui Ne - Phan Thiet or Phu Quoc Island are always available; Sapa and Dalat highlands offer great places for cool temperature. You can find your favourite kind of weather all year round for your next Vietnam Tours!

 

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